MANDATORY DISCLOSURES

 1.  NAME OF THE INSTITUTION :

Name

SARADA COLLEGE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Address

Permanent Location as approved by AICTE

Village

Kondakavuru

Taluk

Narasaraopet

District

Guntur

Pin Code

522602

State

Andhra Pradesh

STD Code

08647

Phone No:

213303, 213304, 213305

Fax No.

219793

E-Mail:

Sarada Pharmaceutical College-2000@yahoo.co.in

Nearest Rly Station

Narasaraopet

Nearest Airport

Vijayawada

Web site

www.sarada College of Pharmacy.com

II. NAME & ADDRESS OF THE PRINCIPAL 

Name

S.Kotaiah

Designation

Principal

Qualification &

Experience : M.Pharm, 2 years

Highest Degree

Specialization

Total Experience

Date of Birth: 15-02-1982

M.Pharm

Bio-Technology

2

STD Code

08647

Phone No. (O) 213305

Fax No.

 

STD Code

 

Phone No. (R)

Fax No.

 

E-Mail

 

Mobile No.

Date of joining the institution: 01-08-07

 III.  NAME OF THE AFFILIATING BODY - SBTET 

Name

STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION & TRAINING

 

Address

 

 

 

7th Floor, BRKR Bhavan, Hyderabad, A.P.

Pin Code

 

Period of Affiliation

2007-08

STD Code

040

Phone No.

23221191,23222692

Fax No.

 

E-Mail/ Web site

 

 IV.  GOVERNANCE

List of Governing Body Members for the Year 2007-08 as filed with the Registrar of Societies, Visakhapatnam. 

S.No.

Name of the member

Designation

Address

1

Y.Venkateswar Reddy

President

Lankela Kurapadu, Muppalla (M), Guntur

2

M.J.M. Ramalinga Reddy

Vice-President

Chagantivaripalem, Muppalla (M), Guntur

3

K.Venkata Rao

Secretary

N.G.O’s Colony, Akkayyapalem, Visakhapatnam

4

G.Padmavathi

Joint Secretary

Lakshmi Priya Enclave, Syamalanagar, Guntur

5

B.R. Susheel Kumar

Treasurer

Herd Compound, Narasaraopet (M), Guntur

6

K.Koti Reddy

Member

Patasamithi Office, Ramireddypet, Narasaraopet (M), Guntur

7

S.Sada Siva Rao

Member

Perecharla, Medikonduru (M), Guntur.

8

Sangamithra Roy

Member

Herd Compound, Narasaraopet (M), Guntur

9

J.Ramesh Bubu

Member

Perecharla, Medikonduru (M), Guntur.

V.  PROGRAMMES

Name of the Programmes approved by the AICTE :  D.Pharmacy

Name of the Programmes accredited by the  AICTE:

For each Programmes the following details are to be given:

Name: D.Pharmacy

Number of seats : 60

Duration : 2 years

Cut off mark/rank for admission during the last three years :58.6,42.3,49.2

Fee :15,500

Placement Facilities :

Campus placement in last three years with minimum salary, maximum salary and average salary :During 2007-08, 15 no. of students are placed in Apollo Hospitals with salary of Rs.3000/- per month.

 VIII.  FEE 

Details of fee, as approved by State Government, for the Institution :  15,500

Time schedule for payment of fee for the entire programme: On the date of joining

No. of Fee waivers granted with amount and name of students: Nil

Number of scholarship offered by the institute, duration and amount

Criteria for scholarship : Nil

Estimated cost of Boarding and Lodging in Hostels.: - NA-

IX. ADMISSION 

Number of seats sanctioned with the year of approval : 60

Number of students admitted under various categories each year in the last three years:

2004-05 : SC – 02 , ST- Nil,

2005-06 : SC- Nil,  ST – Nil

2006-07 : SC- 04, ST- 02 

X .ADMISSION PROCEDUTURE 

Mention the admission test being followed, name and address of the Test Agency and its URL (website). Convener, D.Pharmacy (Admissions) 2007.

Number of candidates admitted through CEEP, Non-CEEP separately for the last three years.: All Admissions are through Non- CEEP only

XI. INFORMATION ON INFRASTRUCTURE AND OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE

LIBRARY:

Number of Library books/Titles/ Journals available (programme-wise)

S.No

 

Course(s)

 Number of titles of the books

Number of volumes

Journals

 

National

1

D.Pharm

150

1500

05

 

List of online National Journals subscribed:NIL

E – Library facilities: NIL 

LABORATORY: 

For each Laboratory:

  1. Pharmaceutics Laboratory
  2. Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  3. Physiology/ Pharmacology
  4. Pharmacognosy
  5. Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy

List of Major Equipment/ Facilities 

Pharmaceutics Laboratory:

 

S.No.

List of equipment for Pharmaceutics Laboratory

Nos available

1

Continuous hot extraction equipment

10

2

Conical Percolators

40

3

Tincture Press

1

4

Hand grinding mill

5

5

Disintegrator

1

6

Ball Mill

1

7

Hand Operated tablet machine

3

8

Tablet coating pan unit with hot air blower Laboratory size

1

9

Polishing Pan Laboratory size

1

10

Tablet Hardness Tester (Monsanto Type)

3

11

Tablet Hardness Tester (Pfizer Type)

3

12

Disintegration Test Unit

2

13

Dissolution Rate Test apparatus

1

14

Granulating sieve sets

20

15

Tablet counter small size

5

16

Friability Tester

1

17

Collapsible Tube Filling and sealing equipments

2

18

Capsule filling machine (Laboratory size)

2

19

Prescription balance

40

20

Balance Torsion type with removable glass pan sensitivity, 30 mgm.

5

21

Distillation equipment for distilled water

2

22

Water deionization Unit

2

23

All glass distillation Unit for making water

4

24

Ampoule washing machine

1

25

Ampoule filling and sealing machine

1

26

Sintered glass filters for (4 different grades) Bacterial proof filtration

20 each grades

27

Millipore filters 3 grades

20 each

28

Autoclaves

2

29

Pressure Cookers

10

30

Hot Air Sterilizer

3

31

Incubators

2

32

Aseptic cabinet

3

33

Rabbit cages and holders

10

34

Ampoule clarity Test equipments

2

35

Blender

2

36

Sieves Set Pharmacopocial standard

10

37

Laboratory centrifuge

3

38

Ointment slabs

40

39

Ointment spatulas

40

40

Pestle and mortar (porcelain)

40

41

Pestle and mortar (glass)

10

42

Suppository moulds of 3 size

20 each

43

Refrigerator

1

44

General glassware

Adequate

45

Chemical appliances and Laboratory facilities

Adequate

 

Pharmaceutical Chemistry:

 

S.No.

List of equipment for Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory

Nos available

1

Refractometer

1

2

Polarimeter

1

3

Photo electric Colorimeter

1

4

Ph meter

2

5

Atomic model sets

10

6

Analytical balances and weight box sets

15

7

Physical balances & Weight box sets

5

8

Platform balance

2

9

Periodic Table Chart

2

B

General Glassware

Adequate

C

Miscellaneous appliances, chemicals and Laboratory facilities

Adequate

 

Physiology/ Pharmacology:

 

S.No.

List of equipment for Physiology/ Pharmacology Laboratory

Nos available

1

Haemoglobinometer

30

2

Haemocytometer

20

3

Student’s Organ bath

10

4

Sherrington rotating drum

10

5

Frog Boards

20

6

Trays (dissecting)

20

7

Frontal writing levers

30

8

Aeration tube

40

9

Telethermometer

2

10

Pole Climbing apparatus

2

11

Histamine chamber

2

12

Simple levers

30

13

Starling heart levers

20

14

FCG machine

-

15

Aerators

10

16

Histological slides

25

17

Sphygmomanometer(B.P. apparatus)

10

18

Stethoscope

5

19

First aid equipments

5 sets

20

Contraceptive device

5 sets

21

Dissecting (Surgical instruments)

30 sets

22

Operation table(small)

2

23

Balance for weighing small animals

2

24

Kymograph paper

Adequate

25

Activity cage (actophotometer)

1

26

Analgesiometer

1

27

Thermometers

20

28

Distilled water stills

2

29

Plastic animal cages

10

30

Double unit organ bath with thermostat

1

31

Refrigerator

1

32

Single pan balance

1

33

Charts

Adequate

34

Human Skeleton

1

35

Anatomical  Specimen(Heart, brain, eye, ear. Reproductive systematic)

1 set

36

Electro-convulsometer

1

37

Stop watches

10

38

Clamp, Bossheads, Screwclips

Adequate

39

Symes Cannula

20

B

General Glassware

Adequate

C

Chemical and Mis. Laboratory apparatus and appliances(needles, thread, plastic tubing, burners, polythene tubes, syringes etc.

Adequate

S.No.

List of equipment for Physiology/ Pharmacology Laboratory

Nos available

1

Colorimeter

2

2

Microscopes

20

3

Permanent slides(skin, kidney, pancreas, smooth-muscle, liver etc.)

Adequate

4

Watch glasses

50

5

Centrifuge

 

6

Microscope with oil immersion

1

B

General Glassware

Adequate

C

Biochemical reagents for analysis of normal and pathological constituents of urine and blood and facilities

Adequate

 

Pharmacognosy :

 

S.No.

List of equipment for Pharmacognosy Laboratory

Nos available

1

Dissecting Microscope

20

2

Charts(different types)

100

3

Models(Different types)

50

4

Permanent slides

100

5

Slides and cover slips

Adequate

B

General glassware

Adequate

C

Miscellaneous appliances Chemicals and laboratory facilities

Adequate

 

Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy:

 

S.No.

List of equipments for Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy Practicals

Quantity available

1

Water Still

1

2

Mixing Vat with stirrer

2

3

Filtration equipment

2

4

Filling machine

1

5

Sealing machine

1

6

Autoclave sterilizer

1

7

Membrane filter

1 Unit

8

Sintered glass funnel with complete filtering assembly

10 Units

9

Small disposable membrane filters for IV admixture filtration

Adequate

10

Laminar air flow bench

1

11

Vacuum pump

1

12

Ovens

2

13

Surgical dressing

2

14

Incubator

1

15

Karl Fischer apparatus for moisture

1

16

Flame photometer

1

17

Ph meter

1

18

Dissolution apparatus

1

19

Disintegration test apparatus

1

20

Hardness tester

1

21

Centrifuge

1

22

Magnetic Stirrer

1

23

Thermostatic bath

1

24

Experimental Animals

Adequate

1

Distilled water still

2

2

Vacuum pump

2

3

Refrigerator

1

4

General filling equipments for the museum

Adequate

5

Compound microscopes

20

6

Oil immersion microscope

1

7

Over head projector

1

8

Slide cum strip projector

1

9

Projection screen

1

List of Experimental Setup

PHARMACEUTICS – I

Preparation of the following categories illustrating different techniques involved.

1                    Aromatic waters

2                    Solutions

3                    Spirits

4                    Tinctures

5                    Extracts

6                    Creams

7                    Cosmetic preparations

8                    Capsules

9                    Tablets

10                Preparations involving sterilization

11                Ophthalmic preparations

12                Preparations involving aseptic techniques 

PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY – I

1             Identification test for inorganic compounds particularly drugs and Pharmaceuticals.

     2        Limit tests for chloride, sulphate, Arsenic, Iron and Heavy metals.

     3        Assay of inorganic Pharmaceuticals involving each of the following methods of   

               compounds marked with (*) under theory

               a.     Acid – Base titrations (at least 3)

               b.     Redox titrations (One each of Permanganometry and iodimetry)

               c.     Precipitation titrations (at least 2)

               d.    Complexometric titrations (Calcium and Magnesium)

PHARMACOGNOSY

1        Identification of drugs by morphological characters.

2        Physical and chemical tests for evaluation of drugs wherever applicable.

3        Gross anatomical studies (t.s.) of the following drugs; senna.  Datura, Cinnamon,

          Cinchona, Coriander, Fennel, Clove, ginger. Nuxvomica, Ipecacuanha.

4        Identification of fibres  and surgical dressings.

 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CLINICAL PATHOLOGY

1        Detection and identification of Proteins, Amino Acids,  Carbohydrates and lipids.

2        Analysis of normal and abnormal constituents of Blood and Urine (Glucose, Urea,

          creatinine, Creatine, Cholesterol, alkaline phosphates, acid phosphatase, Bilirubin,   

          SGPT, SGOT, Calcium, Diastase, Lipase)

3        Examination of sputum and faces(microscopic and stainings)

4        Practice in injecting drugs by instramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous routes. 

          Withdrawal of blood samples.

 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

1        Study of the human skeleton

2        Study with the help of chars and models of the following systems and organs;

          (a)  Digestive system

(b)     Respiratory system

(c)     Cardiovascular system

(d)     Urinary system

(e)     Reproductive system

(f)       Nervous system

(g)     Eye

(h)     Ear

3        Microscopic examination of epithelial tissue, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, skeletal

          muscle.  Connective tissue and nervous tissues.

4        Examination of blood films for TLC, DLC and malaria parasite.

5        Determination of clotting time of blood, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and

          Hemoglobin value

6        Recording of body temperature, pulse, heart rate, blood pressure and ECG.

 

PHARMACEUTICS - II

Dispensing of at least 100 products covering a wide rage of preparations such as mixtures, emulsions lotions, liniments, E.N.T. preparations, ointments, suppositories, powders, incompatible prescriptions etc. 

PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY - II 

1        Systematic qualitative testing of organic drugs involving Solubility determination

          melting point and boiling point, detection, of elements and functional groups (10 

          compounds)

2        Official identification tests for certain groups of drugs included in the I.P. like

          barbiturates sulfonamides phenothiazine, Antibiotics etc. (8 Compounds)

2                    Preparation of three simple organic preparations. 

PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY

The first six of the following experiments will be done by the students while the remaining will be demonstrated by the teacher.

1        Effect of K+, Ca++, acetylcholine and adrenaline on frog’s heart

2        Effect of acetylcholine on rectus abdominis muscle of Frog and gunea pig ileum.

3        Effect of spasmogens and relaxants on rabbits intestine.

4        Effect of local anaesthetics on rabbit intestine.

5        Effect of mydriatics and miotics on rabbits eye.

6        To study the action of strychnine on frog

7        Effect of digitalis on frog’s heart.

8        Effect of hypnotics in mice.

9        Effect of convulsants and anticonvulsant in mice or rats

2                 Test for pyrogens

3                 Taming and hypnosis potentiating effect of chlorpromazine in mice/ rates

4                 Effect of diphenhydramine in experimentally produced asthama in guinea pigs. 

HOSPITAL & CLINICAL PHARMACY 

1        Preparation of transfusion fluids

2        Testing of raw materials used (1)

3        Evaluation of surgical dressings

4        Sterilization of surgical instruments, glass ware and other hospital supplies

5        Handling and use of data processing equipments. 

COMPUTING FACILITIES: 

Number and Configuration of Systems: 10

Total number of systems connected by LAN : 10

Total number of systems connected by WAN: 10

Internet bandwidth : NIL

Major software packages available:

Special purpose facilities available 

WORKSHOP: - NA -

List of facilities available : 

Games and Sports Facilities:Cricket, Volley Ball, Chess, Carroms, Tennycoit

Extra Curriculum Activities:

Soft Skill Development Facilities:

Number of Classrooms and size of each and Number of laboratories and size of each:

Class Rooms

2

2

132.00

216.50

Tutorial Hall

1

1

50.00

50.00

Drawing Hall (*)

 

 

 

 

Computer Centre

 

 

 

 

Library

1

1

100.00

100.00

Laboratories

5

5

275.00

397.68

Workshops/Museum

1

1

25.00

26.72

 Number of drawing halls and size of each:

Number of Computer Centers with capacity of each:

Central Examination Facility, Number of rooms and capacity of each:

Teaching Learning process

Curricula and syllabi for each of the programmes as approved by the Board:

SYLLABUS 

DIPLOMA IN PHARMACY

1.1              PHARMACEUTICS – I 

1                    Introduction of different dosage forms.  Their classifications with examples-their relative appalications.  Familiarization with new drug delivery systems.

2                    Introduction to Pharmacopoeias with special reference to the Indian Pharmacopoeia.

3                    Metrology – Systems of weights and measures.  Calculations including conversion from one to another system.  Percentage calculations and adjustments of products.  Use of allegation method in calculations, Isotonic solutions.

4                    Packing of pharmaceuticals- Desirable features of a container types of containers, Study of glass and plastics as materials for containers and rubber as a material for closures- their merits and demerits.  Introduction to aerosol packaging.

5                    Size reduction Objectives, and factors affecting size reduction, methods of size reduction – study of Hammer mill, ball mill, Fluid Energy Mill and Disintegrator.

6                    Size separation – Size separation  by sifting, Official Standards for powders.  Sedimentation methods of size separation.  Construction and working of cyclone separator. 

7                    Mixing and Homogenization- Liquid mixing and powder mixing.  Mixing of semisolids.  Study of Silver- son Mixer-Homogeniser, planetary Mixer, Agitated powder mixer, Triple Roller Mill, Propeller Mixer- Colloid Mill and Hand Homogeniser.  Double cone mixer.

8                    Clarification and filtration – theory of filtration.  Filter media; Filter aids and selections of filters.  Study of the following filtration equipments Filter Press, Sintered Filters, Candles, Metafilter.

9                    Extraction and Galenicals-(a) study of percolation and maceration and their modifications, continuous hot extraction- Applications in the preparation of tinctures and extracts.  (b)  Introduction to Ayurvedic dosage forms.

10                Heat processes Evaporation – Definition Factors affecting evaporation.  Study of evaporating still and Evaporating pan.

11                Distillation- simple distillation and Fractional distillation, Steam distillation and vacuum distillation Study of Vacuum still, preparation of Purified Water.  I.P. and water for injection I.P. construction and working of the still used for the same.

12                Introduction to drying process – Study of Tray Dryers; Fluidized Bed dryer, Vacuum Dryer and Freezer Dryer.

13                Sterilization – Concept of sterilization and its differences from disinfection-Thermal resistance of micro-organisms.  Detailed study of the following sterilization process.

(i)                 Sterilization with moist heat.

(ii)               Dry heat sterilization

(iii)              Sterilization by radiation

(iv)             Sterilization by filtration and

(v)              Gaseous sterilization

Aseptic techniques.  Application of sterilization process in hospitals particularly with reference to surgical dressings and intravenous fluids.  Precautions for safe and effective handling of sterilization equipments.

14                Processing of Tablets- Definition; Different types of compressed tablets and their properties.  Processes involved in the production of tablets; Tablet excipients; Defects in tablets; Evaluation of Tablets; Physical Standards including Disintegration and Dissolution.  Tablet coating-Sugar coating ; Film coating, enteric coating and micro encapsulation (Tablet coating may be dealt in an elementary manner).

15                Processing of Capsules – Hard and Soft gelatin capsules; different sizes of capsules; filling of capsules; handling, storage of capsules, Special applications of capsules.

16                Study of immunological products likes sera, vaccines, toxoids & their preparations. 

PRACTICAL

Preparation of the following categories illustrating different techniques involved.

13                Aromatic waters

14                Solutions

15                Spirits

16                Tinctures

17                Extracts

18                Creams

19                Cosmetic preparations

20                Capsules

21                Tablets

22                Preparations involving sterilization

23                Ophthalmic preparations

24                Preparations involving aseptic techniques 

1.2              PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY – I 

1                    General discussion on the following  inorganic compounds including important physical and chemical properties, medicinal and pharmaceutical uses, storage conditions and chemical incompatibility.

(A)      Acids bases and buffers Boric Acid*, Hydrochloric acid, strong ammonium

           hydroxide, Calcium hydroxide, Sodium hydroxide and official buffers.

(B)       Antioxidants-Hypophosphorous acid, Sulphur dioxide, Sodium bisulphate,

           Sodium metabislphite, Nitrogen and Sodium Nitrite.

(C)      Gastrointestinal agents:

(i)                 Acidifying agents Dilute hydrochloric acid

(ii)               Antacids – sodium bicarbonatate, aluminum hydroxide gel, Aluminum phosphate, Calcium carbonate, Magnesium, carbonte, Magnesium trisilicate, Magnesium Oxide, Combinations of antacid preparations

(iii)              Protectives and Adsorbents – Bismuth subcarbonate and Kaolin

(iv)             Saline Cathartics – Sodium Potassium tartate and Magnesium sulphate.

      (D)     Topical Agents:-

(i)    Protectives – Talc, Zinc Oxide Calamine, Zinc stearate, Titanium

       dioxide, silicone polymers.

(ii)               Antimicrobials and Astringents – H7ydrogen peroxide*, Potassium permagnate, Chlorinated lime, lodine, Solutions of Iodine, Povidone-lodine, Boric acid, Borax, Silver Nitrate, Mild silver protein, Mercury, Yellow mercuric oxide, Ammoniated mercury.

(iii)              Sulphur and its compounds – Sublimed sulphur, precipitated sulphur, selenium sulphide

(iv)             Astringents:- Alum and Zinc Sulphate.

(E)       Dental Prodects – Sodium Fluoride, Stannous fluoride, Calcium carbonate,

           Sodium metaphosphate, Diclacium phosphate, Strontium chloride, Zinc   

           chloride.

(F)            Inhalants – Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Nitrous oxide.

(G)            Respiratory stimulants – Ammonium Carbonate.

(H)            Expectorants and Emetics- Ammonium chloride* potassium iodide, Antimony potassium tartrate.

(I)              Antidotes – Sodium nitrite. 

2                    Major intra and Extra cellular electrolytes:- 

(a)             Electrolytes used for replacement the rapy – Sodium chloride and its preparation. Potassium chloride and its preparations.

(b)             Physiological acid- base balance and electrolytes used- Sodium acetate, Potassium acetate, Sodium bicarbonate injection, Sodium citrate Potassium citrate, Sodium Lactate injection, Ammonium chloride and its injection.

(c)             Combination of oral electrolyte p9owder and solutions.

3                    Inorganic Official compounds of Iron, Iodine and Calcium Ferrous Sulphate and Calcium gluconate.

4                    Radio pharmaceuticals and Contrast media – Radio activity – Alpha Beta and Gamma Radiations, Biological effects of radiations, Measurements of radio activity, G.M. counter Radio isotopes – their uses, storage and precautions with special reference to the official preparations.

5                    Radio opaque contrast media-Barium sulfate Quality control of Drugs and Pharmaceuticals – Importance ofd quality control, significant errors, methods used for quality control, sources of impurities in Pharmaceuticals.   Limit tests for Arsenic, Chloride, Sulphate, Iron and Heavy Metals.

6                    Identification tests for cations and anions as per In dian Pharmacopiea. 

PRACTICALS

     1        Identification test for inorganic compounds particularly drugs and Pharmaceuticals.

     2        Limit tests for chloride, sulphate, Arsenic, Iron and Heavy metals.

     3        Assay of inorganic Pharmaceuticals involving each of the following methods of   

               compounds marked with (*) under theory

               a.     Acid – Base titrations (at least 3)

               b.     Redox titrations (One each of Permanganometry and iodimetry)

               c.     Precipitation titrations (at least 2)

               d.    Complexometric titrations (Calcium and Magnesium)

1.3              PHARMACOGNOSY 

1     Definition, history and scope of Pharmacognosy including indigenous system of

      medicine

2            Various systems of classification of drugs of natural origin.

3            Adulteration and drug evaluation; significance of Pharmacopoeial standards.

4            Brief outline of occurrence, distribution, outline of solation, identification tests, therapeutic and pharmaceutical applications of alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides, volatile oils, tannins and resins.

5            Occurrence, distribution, organoleptic evaluation, chemical constituents including tests wherever applicable and therapeutic efficacy of following categories of drugs.

(a)     Laxative: Aloes, Rhubarb, Castor oil, Ispaghula. Senna.

(b)             Cardiotonics – Digitalis,  Arjuna.

(c)             Carminatives & G. I. Regulators – Umbelliferous fruits, Coriander, Fennel, Ajowan, Cardamom Ginger.   Black pepper, Asafoetida, Nutmeg.  Cinnamon, Clove.

(d)             Astringents – Catechu.

(e)             Drugs acting on nervous system – Hyoscyamus, Belladona, Aconite, Ashwagandha, Ephdra, oplum, Cannabls, Nux vomica.

(f)              Antihypertensives – Rauwolfia.

(g)             Antitussives – Vasaka, Tolu balsam, Tulsi

(h)             Antirheumatics – Guggul, Colchicum

(i)               Anstumour – Vinca.

(j)               Antileprotics – Chaulmoogra Oil

(k)             Antidiabetics – Pterocarpus, Gymnema Sylrestro

(l)               Diuretics – Gokhru, Purnarnava

(m)           Antidysentries – ipecacuanha

(n)             Antiseptics and disinfectants Benzoin, myrrh, Nim, curcuma

(o)             Antimalarials – cinchona

(p)             Oxytocics – Ergot

(q)             Vitamins – Shark liver Oil and Amla

(r)              Enzymes – Papaya, Diastase, Yeast.

(s)             Perfumes and flavouring agents – peppermint Oil, Lemon Oil, Orange Oil lemon grass oil, Sandalwood

(t)              Pharmaceutical aids.  Heney, arachis Oil, Starch, Koalin, Pectin, Olive oil, Lanolin, Beeswax, Acacia, Tragacanth, Sodium alginate, Agar, Guar gum, Geltin.

(u)             Miscellaneous – Liquorice, Garlic, picrorhiza, Dioscorea, Linseed, Shatavari, Shanknapushpi, Pyrethrum, Tobacco.

6            Collection and preparation of crude drug for the market as exemplified by Ergot, opium, Rauwolfia, Digitalis, Senna.

7            Study of source, preparation and identification of fibres used in sutures and surgical dressings – cotton, silk, wool and regenerated fibres.

8            Gross anatomical studies of Senna, Datura, Cinnamon, cinchona, Fennel, Clove, ginger, Nuxvomica & Ipecacuanha.

 PRACTICAL 

1        Identification of drugs by morphological characters.

2        Physical and chemical tests for evaluation of drugs wherever applicable.

3        Gross anatomical studies (t.s.) of the following drugs; senna.  Datura, Cinnamon,

          Cinchona, Coriander, Fennel, Clove, ginger. Nuxvomica, Ipecacuanha.

4        Identification of fibres  and surgical dressings.

 1.4    BIOCHEMISTRY AND CLINICAL PATHOLOGY

 1        Introduction to biochemistry.

2        Brief chemistry and role of proteins, polypeptides and amino acids, classification,

          Qualitative tests, Biological value Deficiency diseases.

3        Brief Chemistry and role of carbohydrates, Classification.  Qualitative tests, Diseases

          related to carbohydrate metabolism.

4        Brief Chemistry and role of Lipids, Classification, qualitative tests, Diseases related to

          lipid metabolism.

5        Brief Chemistry and role of vitamins and Coenzymes.

6        Role of minerals and water in life processes.

7        Enzymes; Brief concept of enzymic action.  Factors affecting it.  Therapeutic and

          pharmaceutical importance.

8        Brief concept of normal and abnormal metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids.

9        Introduction to pathology of blood and urine.

(a)      Lymphocytes and Platelets, their role in health and disease.

(b)              Erythrocytes Abnormal cells and their significance.

(c)              Abnormal constituents of urine and their significance diseases.

PRACTICAL

1        Detection and identification of Proteins, Amino Acids,  Carbohydrates and lipids.

2        Analysis of normal and abnormal constituents of Blood and Urine (Glucose, Urea,

          creatinine, Creatine, Cholesterol, alkaline phosphates, acid phosphatase, Bilirubin,   

          SGPT, SGOT, Calcium, Diastase, Lipase)

3        Examination of sputum and faces(microscopic and stainings)

4        Practice in injecting drugs by instramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous routes. 

          Withdrawal of blood samples.

 1.5              HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

1        Scope of Anatomy and Physiology, Definition of various terms used in Anatomy

2              Structure of cell, functioin of its components with special reference to mitochondria and microsomes.

3              Elementary tissues of body, i.e. epithelial tissue, muscular tissue, connective tissue and nervous tissue.

4              Structure and function of skeleton, Classification of joints and their function, joint disorder.

5              Composition of blood, functions of blood elements.  Blood groups and coagulation of blood, Brief information regarding disorders of blood.

6              Name and functions of lymph glands.

7              Structure and functions of various parts of the heart.  Arterial and venous system with special reference to the names and positions of main arteries and viens.  Blood pressure and its recording.  Brief information about cardiovascular disorders.

8              Various parts of respiratory system and their functions, Physiology of respiration.

9              Various parts of urinary system and their functions, structure and functions of kidney, physiology of Urine formation, Pathophysiology of renal diseases and oedema.

10          Structure of skeletal muscle.  Physiology of muscle contraction.  Names position, attachments and functions of various skeletal muscle Physiology of neuromuscular junction.

11          Various part of central nervous system, brain and its parts functions and reflex action.  Anatomy and physiology of autonomic nervous system.

12          Elementary knowledge of structure and functions of the organs of taste, smell, ear, eye and skin, Physiology of pain.

13          Digestive system; names of the various parts of digestive system and their functions, structure and functions of liver, physiology of digestion and absorption.

14          Endocrine glands and Hormones.  Location of the glands, their hormones and functions.  Pituitary, thyroid, Adrenal and pancreas.

15          Reproductive systems – Physiology and Anatomy of Reproductive system.

 PRACTICAL

1        Study of the human skeleton

2        Study with the help of chars and models of the following systems and organs;

          (a)  Digestive system

(i)        Respiratory system

(j)       Cardiovascular system

(k)      Urinary system

(l)        Reproductive system

(m)    Nervous system

(n)     Eye

(o)     Ear

3        Microscopic examination of epithelial tissue, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, skeletal

          muscle.  Connective tissue and nervous tissues.

4        Examination of blood films for TLC, DLC and malaria parasite.

5        Determination of clotting time of blood, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and

          Hemoglobin value

6        Recording of body temperature, pulse, heart rate, blood pressure and ECG.

    

1.6              HEALTH EDUCATION AND COMMUNITY PHARMACY

 1        Concept of health – Definition of Physical health, mental health, social health, spiritual

          health determinates of health, indicators of health, concept of disease, natural history

          of diseases, the disease agents, concept of prevention of diseases.

2              Nutrition and health – classification of foods, requirements, disease inducted due to deficiency of proteins, Vitamins and minerals, treatment and prevention.

3              Demography and family planning – Demography cycle, fertility, family planning, contraceptive methods, behavioral methods, natural family planning method, chemical method, mechanical methods, hormonal contraceptives, population problem of India.

4              First and – Emergency treatment in shock, snake bite, burns poisoning heart disease, fractures and resuscitication methods. Elements of minor surgery and dressings.

5              Environment and health – Sources of water supply, water pollution, purification of water, health and air, noise, light, solid waste disposal and control, medical entomology, arthropod borne diseases and their control, rodents, animals and diseases.

6              Fundamental principles of microbiology- classification of microbes, isolation, staining techniques of organisms of common diseases.

7              Communicable diseases – Causative agents, modes of transmission and prevention.

(a)   Respiratory infections – Chicken pox, measles, Influenza, diphtheria, whooping 

       cough and tuberculosis.

(b)              Intestinal infections; Poliomyelitis, Hepatitis, Cholera, Typhoid, Food Poisoning, Hookworm infection.

(c)              Arthropod borne infections – plague, Malaria, Filariasis.

(d)              Surface infections – Rabies, Trachoma, Tetanus, Leprosy.

(e)              Sexually transmitted disases – Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, AIDS

8              Non-communicable diseases- Causative agents. Prevention, care and control.

9              Epidimiology – Its  scope, methods, uses dynamics of disease transmission.  Immunity and immunization; Immunololgical prodlucts and their dose schedule.  Principles of disease control and prevention, hospital acquired infection, prevention and control, Disinfection, types of disinfection, disinfection procedures for faeces,  urine, sputum, room linen, dead=-bodies, instruments. 

2.1              PHARMACEUTICS – II 

1        Dispensing Pharmacy:

          (a)   Prescriptions:  Reading and understanding of prescription;  Latin terms commonly 

                 used (Detailed study is not necessary), Modern methods of prescribing, adoption 

                 of metric system.  Calculations involved in dispensing.

(b)           Incompatibilities in Prescriptions – Study of various types of incompatibilities – Physical, chemical and therapeutic.

(c)           Posology – Dose and Dosage of drugs, Factors influencing dose, Calculations of doses on the basis of age, sex and surface area, Veterinary doses.

2        Dispensed Medications:

          (i)    Powers:   Types of powders – Advantages and disadvantages of powders,  

                 Granules, Cachets and Tablet triturates.   Preparation of different types of powders

                  encountered in prescription weighing methods,  possible errors in weighing,

                  minimum weighable amounts and weighing of material below the minimum

                  weighable amount, geometric dilution and proper usage and care of dispensing

                  balance.

          (ii)   Liquid Oral Dosage Forms:

          (a)   Monophasic – Theoretical aspects including commonly used vehicles, essential

                  adjuvant like stabilizers, colourants  and flvours with examples

 

Review of the following monophasic liquids with details of formulation and practical methods

Liquids for internal administration

Liquids for external administration or used on mucus membranes

Mixtures and concentrates

Syrups

Elixirs

Gargles

Mouth washes Throat Paints Douches

Ear Drops, Nasal drops & Sprays Liniments Lotions.

 

(b)        Biphasic Liquid Dosage Forms;

(p)     Suspensions (elementary study) – suspensions containing diffusible solids and liquids and their preparations.  Study of the adjuvants used like thickening agents, wetting agents, their necessity and quantity to be incorporated.  Suspensions of precipitate forming liquids like tinctures, their preparations and stability.  Suspensions produced by chemical reaction.  An introduction to flocculated, non-flocculated suspension system.

(ii)               Emulsions – Types of emulsions, identification of emulsion systems.  Formulation of emulsions, selection of emulsifying agents.  Instabilities in emulsions.  Preservation of emulsions.

(iii)              Semi – Solid Dosages Forms:

(a)     Ointments – Types of ointments, classification and selection of

         dermatological vehicles.  Preparation and stability of ointments by the

         following process.

(i)   Tritutration   (ii)  Fusion  (iii)  Chemical reaction  (iv) Emulsification.

(b)          Pastes – Difference between ointments and pastes, bases of  pastes.  Preparation of pastes and their preservation.

(c)          Jellies – An introduction to the different types of jelli9es and their preparation.

(d)          An elementary study of poultice.

(e)          Suppositories and pessaries – Their relative merits and demerits types of suppositories, suppository bases, classification, properties, Preparation and packing of suppositories.  Use of suppositories for Drug absorption.

(iv)             Dental and cosmetic Preparations: Introduction to Dentifrices, Facial cosmetics, Deodorants, Antiperspirants, Shampoos, Hair dressings and Hair removers.

(v)              Sterile Dosage Forms:

(a)     Parenteral  dosage forms – Definitions, General requirements for

         parenteral dosage forms.  Types of parenteral formulations, vehicles,

         adjuvants, processing, personnel, facilities and quality control. 

         Preparation of intravenous fluids and admixtures.  Total parenteral 

         nutrition, dialysis fluids.

(b)              Sterility testing, Particulate matter monitoring, faulty seals packaging

(c)              Ophthalmic Products – Study of essential characteristics of different ophthalmic preparations.  Formulation additives, special precautions in handling and storage of ophthalmic products.

PRACTICAL

 

Dispensing of at least 100 products covering a wide rage of preparations such as mixtures, emulsions lotions, liniments, E.N.T. preparations, ointments, suppositories, powders, incompatible prescriptions etc.   

2.2              PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY – II 

1        Introduction to the nomenclature of organic chemical systems with particular reference

          to heterocyclic system containing  upto 3 rings.

2        The Chemistry of following Pharmaceutical organic compounds.  Covering their

           nomenclature, chemical structure.  Uses and the important Physical and Chemical  

           Properties.  (Chemical structure of on those compounds marked with asterisk.(*) 

          The stability and storage conditions and the different types of Pharmaceutical

           formulations of these drugs and their popular brad names.

Antiseptics and Disinfectants – Proflavine* Benzal- koniumchloride, Cetrimide, Chlorocresol* Chloroxylene, Formaldehyde solution, Hexachlorophene, liquefied phenol, Nitrofurantoin

Sulfonamides – Sulfadiazine* Sulfaguandine*

Phthalylsulfathiazole, succinylsulfathiazole, Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfamethoxy Pyridazine, Sulfamethoxazole Cotrimoxazole, Sulfacetamide*

Antileprotic Drugs – Clofazimoine, Thiambutosine, Dapsone* Solapsone

Anti-tubercular Drugs – Isonizid* PAS*, Streptomycin, Rifampicin, Ethambutol* Thiacetazone, Ethionamide, Cycloserine, Pyrazinamide*

Antiamoebic and Anthelmintic Drugs- Emetine, Metronidasole* Halogenated hydroxyquinolines, diloxanidefuroate, Paramomycin, Piperzine*   Mebandazole, D.E.C.*

Antibiotics – Benzyl Penicillin*, Phenoxy methyl Penicillin*, Benzathine Penicillin, Ampicillin*, Cloaxocillin, Carbencillin, Gentamycin, Neomycin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Cephalexin, Cephaloridine, Cephalothin, Griseofuilvin, Chloramphenical.

Antifungal agents – Undecylenic acid, Tolnaftate, Nystain, Amphoterecin Hamycin

Antimalarial Drugs – Chloroqluine*, Amodiaquine, Primaquine, Proguanil, Phyrimethamine* Quinine, Trimethoprim.

Tranquilizers:  Chlorpomazine*,  Prochlorperazine, Trifluperazine, thiothixene, Haloperidol*, Triperiodl, Oxypertine, Chlordiazepoxide, Diazepam*, Lorazepam, Meprobamate.

Hypnotics: Phenobarbitone*, butobarbitone*, Cyclobarbitone, Nitrazepam, Gluthethimide*, Methyprylone, Paraldehyde, Triclofos sodium.

General Anaesthetics :  Halothane*, Cyclopropane*, Diethylether*, Methohexital sodium, Thiopental sodium, Trichloroethylene.

Antidepressant Drugs:  Amitriptyline, Nortryptyline imipramine* phenelzine, Tranylcypromine.

Anleptics – Theophyline, Caffeine*, Coramine*, Dextroamphetamine

Adrenergic Antagonist – Tolazoline Propranolol*, Pracalol.

Cholinergic Drugs – Neostigmine*, Phyridostigmine, Pralidoxime, Pilocarpine, Physostigmine*

Cholinergic Antagonists – Atropine*, Hyoscine, Homatropine, Propantheline*, Benztropine, Tropicamide, Biperiden*

Diuretic Drugs – Furosemide*, Chlorothiazide, Hydrochlorothi9azide*, Benzthiazide, Urea*, Mannitol*, Ethacrynic Acid.

Cardiovascular Drugs- Ethyl nitrite*, Glyceryl trinitrate, Alphamethyldopa, Guanthidine Clofibrate Qulnidine.

Hypoglycemic Agents – Insulin, Chlorpropamide*, Tolbutamide, Glibenclamide, Phenformine* Metformin.

Coagulants and Anti – Coagulants – Heparin, Thrombin, Menadione, Bishydroxycoumarin, Warfarin Sodium.

Local Anaesthtics – Lignocaline,* Procaine*, Benzocaine.

Histamine and histaminic Agents – Histamine, Diphenhydramine*, Promethzine Cyprohepatadine, Mepyramine, Pheniramine, Chlorpheniramine*.

Analgesics and Anti-pyretics – Morphine, Pethidine*, Codeine, Methadone, Aspirin*, Paracetamol*, Analgin, Dextropropozyphene.  Pentazocine.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory Agents – indomethacin*, Phenyl butazone oxyphenbutazone, Ibuprofen

Thyroxine and Antithyroids – Thyroxine, Methimazole Methylthiouracil, Propylthiouracil

Diagnostic Agents – lipanoic Acid, Propyliodone, Sulfobromophthalein, Sodium, Indigotindisulfonate, (Indigo Carmine) Evansblue, Congo Red. Fluorescein Sodium.

*Anticonvulsants, cardiac glycosides, Antiarrhythmic agents antihypertensives & vitamins.

Steroidal drugs – Betamethazone, Cortisone, Hydrocortisone.  Prednisolone, Progesterone, Testosterone, Oesradiol, Nabdrolone.

Anti-Neoplasic Drugs – Actinomycions, Azathioprine, Busulphan , Chlorambucil, Cisplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Dau norubicin- Hydrochloride, Fluorouracil, Mercaptopurine, Methotrexate, Mytomycin. 

PRACTICAL

1        Systematic qualitative testing of organic drugs involving Solubility determination

          melting point and boiling point, detection, of elements and functional groups (10 

          compounds)

2        Official identification tests for certain groups of drugs included in the I.P. like

          barbiturates sulfonamides phenothiazine, Antibiotics etc. (8 Compounds)

3                    Preparation of three simple organic preparations. 

4.3              PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY 

1        Introduction to Pharmacology, scope of pharmacology.

2        Routes of administration of drugs their advantages and disadvantages.

5                 Various processes of absorption of drugs and the factors affecting them, Metabolism, distribution and excretion of drugs.

6                 General mechanism of dugs action and the factors which modify drug action

7                 Pharmacological classification of drugs.  The discussion of drugs should emphasis the following aspect:

(i)   Drugs acting on the Central Nervous System:

(a)  General anaesthetics, adjunction to anaesthesia intravenous anaesthtics

(b)        Analgesic antipyretics and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Narcotic analgesics, Antirheumatic and antigoutremedies

Sedative and Hypnotics Psychopharm acological agents anticonvulsants, analeptics           

(c)        Centrally acting, muscle relaxants and anti-parkinsonism agents

(ii)   Local anaesthetics.

(iii)   Drugs acting on autonomic nervous system.

(a)   Cholinergic drugs, Anticholinergic drugs, antichlonier esterase drugs.

(b)        Adrenergic drugs and adrenergic recepter blockers.

(c)        Neurone blockers and ganglion blockers

(d)        Neuromuscular blockers, drugs used in myasthenia gravis

(iv)  Drugs acting on eye, mydriatics, drugs used in glaucoma.

(v)   Drugs acting on respiratory system-Respiratory stimulants Bronchodilators, Nasal

       decogestants, Expectorants and Antitussive agents.

(vi)  Antacids, Physiological role of histamine and serotonin, Histamine and Antihistamines.

(vii)   Cardio Vascular drugs, Cardiotonics, Antiarrhyhmic agents.  Antianginal agents, Antihypertensive agents Peripheral Vasodilators and drugs used in atherosclerosis.

(viii)   Drugs acting on the blood and blood forming organs, Haematinics, Coagulants and anti-Coagulatns, Haemostatics, Blood substitutes and plasma expanders.

(ix)   Drugs affecting, renal function-Diuretics and antidiuretics.

(x)        Hormones and hormone antagonists-hypoglycemic agents Antithyroid drugs, sex hormones and oral contraceptives, corticosteriods.

(xi)  Drugs acting on digestive system – carminatives digestants Bitters, Antiacids and drugs used in peptic ulcer purgatives and laxatives, Antidiarrhoeals, Emetics, Antiemetics, Antispasmodlics.

8                 Chemotherapy of microbial disease: Urinary antiseptics, Sulphonamides.  Penicillins Streptomycin.  Tetraclines and other antibiotics, Antitubercular agents, Antifungal agents, antiviral drugs, antileprotic drugs.

9                 Chemotherapy of protozoal diseases.  Anthlmintic drugs

10             Chemotherapy of cancer.

11             Disinfectants and antiseptics.

A detailed study  of the action of drugs on each organ is not necessary 

PHARMACOLOGY PRACTICAL 

The first six of the following experiments will be done by the students while the remaining will be demonstrated by the teacher.

1        Effect of K+, Ca++, acetylcholine and adrenaline on frog’s heart

2        Effect of acetylcholine on rectus abdominis muscle of Frog and gunea pig ileum.

3        Effect of spasmogens and relaxants on rabbits intestine.

4        Effect of local anaesthetics on rabbit intestine.

5        Effect of mydriatics and miotics on rabbits eye.

6        To study the action of strychnine on frog

7        Effect of digitalis on frog’s heart.

8        Effect of hypnotics in mice.

9        Effect of convulsants and anticonvulsant in mice or rats

12             Test for pyrogens

13             Taming and hypnosis potentiating effect of chlorpromazine in mice/ rates

14             Effect of diphenhydramine in experimentally produced asthama in guinea pigs. 

2.4              PHRAMACEUTICAL  JURISPRUDENCE 

1        Origin and nature of Pharmaceutical legislation in Indian, its scope and objectives. 

          Evolution of the “Concept of Pharmacy” as an integral part of the Health Care System.

2        Principles and significance of Professional Ethics, Critical study of the code of

          Pharmaceutical Ethics drafted by Pharmacy Council of India.

3                    Pharmacy Act, 1948 – The General study of the Pharmacy Act with special reference  to Education Regulations, working of State and Central councils, constitution of these councils and functions, Registration procedures under the Act.

4                    The Drugs and Cosmetics Act., 1940 – General study of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act and the Rules hereunder.  Definitions and salient features related to retail and wholesale distribution of drugs.  The powers of Inspectors, the sampling procedures and the procedures and formalities in obtaining licenses under the rules facilities to be provided for running a Pharmacy effectively.  General study of the Schedules with special reference of schedules C,C1,F.G.H.P and X and salient features of labeling and storage condition of drugs.

5                    The Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisement) Act, 1954 – General study of the Act Objectives, special reference to be laid on Advertisements.  Magic remedies and objectionable and permitted advertisements – diseases which cannot be claimed to be cured.

6                    Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985-A brief study of the act with special reference to its objectives, offences and punishment.

7                    Brief introduction to the study  of the following acts.

1        Latest Drugs (Price Control) Order in force.

2        Poisons Act 1919(as amended to date)

3        Medicinal and Toilet Pregnancy (Excise Duties)Act, 1955(as amended to date)

4        Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act.1971 (as amended to date) 

2.5              DRUG STORE AND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT 

PART – I COMMERCE 

1        Introduction – Trade, Industry and Commerce, Functions and sub-division of

          commerce, Introduction to Elements of Economics and management

2        Forms of Business Organizations

3                    Channels of Distribution

4                    Drug House Management – Selection of Site, Space Lay-out and legal requirements

Importance and objectives of Purchasing, selection of suppliers, credit information, tenders contracts and price determination and legal requirements there to 

Codification, handling of drug stores and other hospital supplies. 

5                    Inventory Control – objects and importance, modern techniques like ABC, VED analysis, the lead time, inventory carrying cost, safety stock, minimum and maximum stock levels economic order quantity, scrap and surplus disposal

6                    Sales promotion, Market Research Salesmanship, qualities of a salesman, Advertising and Window Display.

7                    Recruitment, training, evaluation and compensation of the pharmacist.

8                    Banking and Finance Service and Functions of bank.  Finance Planning and sources of finance. 

PART – II  ACCOUNTANCY  

1        Introduction to the accounting concepts and conventions.  Double entry Books keeping,

          Different kinds of accounts.

2        Cash Book

3        General Ledger and Trial Balance Sheet

4        Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet

5        Simple techniques of analyzing financial statements Introduction to Budgeting 

2.6              HOSPITAL AND CLINICAL PHARMACY 

PART – I HOSPITAL PHARMACY 

1        Hospitals Definitions, Function, Classifications based on various criteria organization, Management and health delivery system in India.

2        Hospital Pharmacy:

          (a)   Definitions

(b)        Functions and objectives of Hospital Pharmaceutical services.

(c)        Location, Layout, Flowchart of material and men.

(d)        Personnel and facilities requirements including equipments based on individual and basic needs

(e)        Requirements and abilities required of Hospital Pharmacists

3                    Drug Distribution system in Hospitals:

(a)   Out-Patient service

(b)   In-patient services  (a)   types of services (b)  detailed discussion of Unit dose system.  Floor ward stock system, Satellite Pharmacy Service, Central sterile services, Bed side Pharmacy.

4                    Manufacturing :

(a)   Economical considerations, estimation of demand

(b)     Sterile manufacture – large and small volume parenterels, facilities, requirements, layout production planning man-power requirements.

(c)     Non-sterile manufacture – Liquid orals, externals – bulk concentrates.

(d)     Procurement of stores and testing of raw materials.

5                    Nomenclature and uses of surgical instruments and Hospital Equipments and health accessories.

6                    P.T.C. (Pharmacy Therapeutic Committee)  Hospital Formulary System and their organization, functioning, composition

7                    Drug Information service and Drug Information Bulletin

8                    Surgical dressing like cotton, gauze, bandages and adhesive tape including their pharmacopoeial tests for quality.  Other hospital supply e.g.I.V.Sets B.G. Ryals tubes, Catheters, syringes etc.

9                    Application of computers in maintenance of records , inventory control medication monitoring, drug information and data storage and retrieval in hospital and retail pharmacy establishments. 

PART- II – CLINICAL PHARMACY 

1        Introduction to clinical Pharmacy Practice- Definition scope.

2        Modern dispensing – Pharmacists and Patient counseling and advice for the use of common drugs, medication history

3        Common daily terminology used in the practice of medicine

4        Disease, manifestation and Pathophysiology including salient symptoms to understand the disease like tuberculosis, Hepatitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Cardiovascular disease.  Epilepsy, Diabetes, peptic Ulcer, Hypertension.

5        Physiological parameters with their significance

6        Drug Interactions:

          (a)    Definition and introduction

(b)        Mechanism of Drug Interaction

(c)        Drug- drug interaction with reference to analgesics, diuretics, cardiovascular drugs.  Gastro – intestinal agents , vitamins and Hypoglycemic agents

(d)        Drug – food interaction

7        Adverse Drug Reaction;

          (a)   Definition and Significance.

(b)        Drug – induced disease and Teratogenicity

8        Drug – in Clinical Toxicity – Introduction, general treatment of poisoning, systemic antidotes.  Treatment of Insecticide poisoning heavy metal poison, Narcotic drugs, Barbiturate, Oraganophosphorus poisons

9        Drug dependence, Drug abuse, addictive drugs and their treatment, complications.

10      Bio-availability of drugs, including factors affecting it  

PRACTICAL

1        Preparation of transfusion fluids

2        Testing of raw materials used (1)

3        Evaluation of surgical dressings

4        Sterilization of surgical instruments, glass ware and other hospital supplies

5        Handling and use of data processing equipments.

 
Academic Calendar of the Board:

Academic Time Table:

 

Day

 

 

YEAR

 

9.00 –10.30

 

10.30-11.30

 

11.30-12.30

 

12.30-01.30

 

01:30 – 05:30

Mon

II//II

 

 

 

PC – II

CEUTICS – II

 

FORENSIC

 

Lunch

 

 

 

BI-PC-II

 

BII-PHARMCOLOGY

 

I/II

HECP

 

PC-I

BIO-CHEM

 

BI-CEUTICS - I

 

BII-APH

Tue

II//II

 

 

PC – II

CEUTICS – II

 

FORENSIC

 

Lunch

BI- PHARMCOLOGY

 

BII-HCP

I/II

HECP

PC-I

BIO-CHEM

 

BI-APH

 

BII- CEUTICS - I

Wed

II//II

 

 

 

PC – II

CEUTICS – II

 

HCP

Lunch

BI- HCP

 

BII-CEUTICS -II

I/II

APH

PC-I

COGNOSY

BI-BIO-CHEM

 

BII- COGNOSY

Thu

 

 

 

 

 

II//I

PC – II

PHARMCOLOGY

HCP

lunch

 

BI-CEUTICS - II

 

BII – PC-II

I/II

APH

CEUTICS -I

COGNOSY

BI- PC-I

 

BII

 

Fri

II//II

 

 

DRUGSTORE

PHARMCOLOGY

HCP

Lunch

 

 

BI-

 

BII-

I/II

APH

CEUTICS -I

COGNOSY

BI- COGNOSY

 

BII- BIO-CHEM

Sat

II//II

 

 

DRUGSTORE

PHARMCOLOGY

DRUGSTORE

lunch

BI-

 

BII

I/IV

 

CEUTICS -I

 

BI-

 

BII-PC-I

Teaching Load of Each Faculty:

Sl. No

Name of the Faculty

Subjects taught

D. Pharm

Total

work

load

I D. Ph

II D. Ph

 

 

 

Th

Pr

Th

Pr

 

1

S.Kotaiah

Ceutics – I

3

2

 

8

13

2

M.L.V.Setty

Ceutics – II

 

4

3

4

11

3

K.V.M.N.S.Guptha

HECP, Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence

2

6

2

4

15

4

T.Beena Devi

Bio-Chem, Pharmacology

2

6

3

4

15

5

G.N.K.Rani

PC-I, Drug Store

3

4

3

5

15

6

G.Venkateswarlu

Pharmacognosy, APH

6

4

 

5

15

7

Y.Madhava Reddy

PC-II

 

9

4

2

15

8

D.Vijaya Santhi

HCP

 

6

3

5

14

Internal Continuous Evaluation System and place: Out of each subject 20 marks are allotted for Internal assessment.  Three Sessional Examinations are conducted and the average of the best two is taken into consideration. Rest 80 marks are meant for External Examination.

Students’ assessment of Faculty, System in place:

A committee comprising the Principal and two student representatives asses the Faculty and the feed back is given to them for correction and improvement.

 

© Copy Rights 2006-2007 SARADA COLLEGE OF PHARMA CEUTICAL SCIENCES,